Most discussions of large open online programs (MOOCs) focus totally on the large element. These programs are enormous in each sense of the word-they have large enrollments, they generate large quantities of knowledge, they usually have actually prompted large controversy.
It is true that the know-how that underlies MOOCs permits for all elements of instruction to happen on a lot bigger scale than was ever potential earlier than, however focusing solely on this component masks what’s arguably MOOCs’ Most worthy contribution to training: flexibility.
MOOCs enable training to happen in extremely versatile and adaptable environments, and one consequence of that is that studying just isn’t solely getting a lot greater, however, in some necessary methods, it is usually getting considerably smaller. Entry to anyplace, anytime studying has liberated instructors and college students from the four-hour seminar and the three-day workshop: they’ll now profit from even 5 spare minutes, which has led to a brand new curiosity in microlearning.
Microlearning is studying that takes place on a really small scale. At present, the time period microlearning is used to explain a few completely different tutorial codecs.
The primary conceptualization of microlearning is as studying cut up into quick modules, with course content material and full studying actions encapsulated in five- to ten-minute packages. That is the academic strategy usually taken in MOOCs (quick video lectures, embedded quick quizzes, and so forth.), and I’ve written about this apply earlier than utilizing the moniker “bite-sized studying.” Chunk-sized studying is ideally tailor-made for a way our brains be taught, it may be accessed any time through computer systems or cellular gadgets, and it may possibly go a good distance towards guaranteeing that coaching is concentrated on actual talent mastery relatively than superficial seat time.
Though it nonetheless entails delivering content material and performing studying actions in small chunks, the second type of microlearning is a special creature solely. Right here, microlearning describes a kind of studying through which mini studying actions of every kind are used to attain numerous studying objectives, together with onboarding, content material reinforcement, and even evaluation.
Microlearning models may be delivered as a part of bigger MOOC modules and programs, however, they can be individually packaged to satisfy the wants of particular person learners and studying teams. Microlearning can be utilized as a part of “push” functions, through which the trainer determines what studying models to ship when and the place, or as “pull” functions, through which the learner decides when and find out how to enter the training assets.
Microlearning models can take many varieties, and matched with cellular applied sciences, this fashion can be utilized to broaden the boundaries of the company classroom. Introductions, summaries, quick quizzes, blogs, polls, and surveys-any sort of content material can be utilized in microlearning. On the “push” facet, a brief introductory exercise can put together college students for an extended seminar or an abstract may be delivered as reinforcement following a proper studying session.
Mini actions may be pushed to customers through RSS feeds, SMS prompt messaging, and so forth. On the “pull” facet, packaging assets into small machine-readable chunks organized right into a searchable database can enable learners to enter course supplies à la carte outdoors of a proper course. This results in elevated engagement and user-determined just-in-time studying.